History of the Dachshund
No one is quite sure about the exact origin of the Dachshund, but it is quite possible that the bred which we associate the name with was standardized in Germany. It is believed that the name "Dachshund", which means badger dog, was first used in the 1600's to describe the longhaired and smooth varieties of the breed which we are now familiar with today. In 1885 the Dachshund was made a recognized breed by the American Kennel Club and in 1895 the Dachshund Club of America was established.

In the dawn of the 20th century, the Dachshund enjoyed it's status as one of the top ten breeds exhibited in the prestigious Westminster Kennel Club show, but with the start of World War 1, the breed showed a rapid decline in it's popularity. With the unpopular German sentiment of the time, dedicated individuals would re-establish the Dachshund in American: efforts which allowed the popularity of the Dachshund to once again make the breed among the top ten most breeds registered by the AKC. 

The Longhaired variety of Dachshund has been around long before it was recognized by the AKC and it is believed that it was created from the original Smooth Dachshund through selective breeding. Breeders who were partial to either coat type chose to breed with others who shared the interest in their particular coat type.

The Wirehaired Dachshund on the other hand is rather recent addition to the Dachshund family. It is thought that Wirehaired Dachshund is a result of breeding the smooth with the Rough coated Pinscher, and the Dandie Didmont Terrier. With rapid rise of the rabbit population in Germany in the 1800's, there came the breeding of the miniature varieties of the Dachshund.

Miniature Dachshunds, who were first to breed to combat the rabbits, would eventually become prominent members of the Dachshund breed. This popularity was due in large part the nine Miniature Dachshunds who competed in the National Specialty of the Dachshund Club of America in 1934.
Please visit the American Kennel Club for information on the
Breed Standards  ~  AKC Dachshund Standards
www.ack.org
TNC DACHSHUNDS
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